IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl <ul> <li class="show"><strong>Publication Frequency:&nbsp;</strong><strong>Quarterly in January, May, September&nbsp; </strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Indexed: DOI Crossref, DOAJ</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Length of words: research paper: 4,000 to 8,000 words; review paper: 3,500 to 5,000 words.</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Review Policy:&nbsp;</strong><strong>Double blind review</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Access:&nbsp;</strong><strong>Open Access</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Publisher:&nbsp;</strong><strong>Center of Language and Cultural Studies (CLCS)</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>ISSN: </strong><strong>ISSN: online 2502-8278 &amp; print ISSN: 2502-2326</strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Former website: http://ijoltl.pusatbahasa.or.id<br></strong></li> <li class="show"><strong>Recent website: soloclcs.org;&nbsp; URL: ijoltl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl</strong></li> </ul> <p><strong>IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics</strong> is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes research within the area of language teaching in general and linguistics. IJOTL-TL was firstly published in January 2016 (<strong>online ISSN: 2502-8278 &amp; print ISSN: 2502-2326</strong>).&nbsp; IJOTL-TL is a peer-review journal published quarterly in <strong>January, May and September</strong> with first online version in January 2015. &nbsp;Please see the Guideline of the Authors. Website: <a href="http://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org">soloclcs.org</a>; Email: <a href="mailto:ijoltl@gmail.com">ijoltl@gmail.com</a></p> Center of Language and Cultural Studies [CLCS] en-US IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics 2502-2326 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under &nbsp;a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> </ol> Morpho-Syntactic Error Analysis in Written Compositions of MTB-MLE Policy Students https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/668 <p>This study reports the dominant linguistic errors in the written production of Grade 7 Hiligaynon-speaking students in one of the public secondary schools in Negros Occidental. It further attempts to identify the structures of English particularly in the domains of morphology and syntax which are possibly affected by the student's mother tongue after having undergone the initial implementation of MTB-MLE policy. More significantly, it identifies the sources of errors made by students. Questionnaires that contained narrative essay topics were distributed among the respondents for personal narrative writing. Errors were identified, categorized, described, and explained using the error analysis method. Forty-four categories of errors were classified to find out the sources of morpho-syntactic errors, dominant errors, and weak areas that occurred in written composition. In terms of surface structures, errors had been identified including the addition of the unnecessary article, omission of verb, misinformation in word-class, and misordering of major constituents in sentences. The study identified three sources that triggered learners’ errors: intralingual, interlingual, and communicative strategy. However, the majority of the errors were attributed to intralingual sources which mainly resulted from a lack of grammatical and lexical knowledge and faulty sentence formation.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Joseph E. Padilla Corazon Alvarez-Padilla Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 6 2 125 139 10.30957/ijoltl.v6i2.668 A Sociopragmatic Study of Cooperative Principles in a Group of Middle-Aged Women’s Conversation https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/669 <p>Communication is a way to interact with others and also a process of delivering information from the speaker to a hearer. In formal communications, Grice's cooperative principles tend to be recommended to be applied in a certain context. This research is aimed at identifying the use of cooperative principles by middle-aged women when having interaction in the kitchen at the wedding party. The research is conducted by using a qualitative approach in 2 regencies in West Sumatera Indonesia. The data were recorded and also note-taken in the field toward 27 women selected by purposive sampling. These women were around 45-60 years old. The interview was conducted with one Bundo Kandung, three customs leaders, and two intellectual people. The aspects related to context and politeness became the consideration in analyzing the data. The results showed that only two forms among the four maxims at cooperative principle used by the middle-aged women when they had communication in the kitchen at the wedding party. They are 1) the maxim of quantity and 2) the maxim of quality. A number of utterances were violating the maxim in cooperative principles. A number of utterances found are categorized as violations of the maxims if it is based on Grice’s theory. However, that does not apply to the utterances in a group of middle-aged women in Minangkabau during the cooking tradition. It is because there are social and cultural contexts that must be considered when understanding and analyzing these utterances.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ike Revita Yonnie Kharismadewi Sabtra Lesmana Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 6 2 140 154 10.30957/ijoltl.v6i2.669 Indonesian-English Code Switching Used on Pita’s Life Youtube Channel https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/670 <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>YouTube is one of the popular social media nowadays. There are many content creator or known as YouTuber who shares their idea, experience, and creativity through YouTube video. The use of language styles such as code-switching become a trend. In this study, the researcher aims to analyze the reasons and social function of why the speaker of YouTube video uses code-switching in their vlog. In conducting this research, the researcher uses document analysis and qualitative research in analyzing the data. The subject of this study is one video taken from Pita’s life’s channel YouTube entitled “Sehari sebelum dilarang pemerintah keluar”. As the result, the researcher found out that there are some reasons that influence the speaker in using code-switching, they are; talking about a particular topic, doing interjection, being emphatic to something, classifying the speech content, and lack of vocabulary. The social factors that affect her are, marrying a foreign man, living in a multilingual society, and most of her subscribers are from her country of origin.</p> Ayuni Kabobu Heda F.X. Ouda Teda Ena Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 6 2 155 163 10.30957/ijoltl.v6i2.670 Jokowi's Opinions and Attitudes towards Covid-19 in Indonesia: A Critical Discourse Analysis https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/671 <p>This study aims to investigate the discourse structure, social cognition, and social context of Jokowi’s speech about Covid-19 which partly represents Jokowi’s opinion and attitudes towards Covid-19 in Indonesia. The method used is qualitative research that employs critical discourse analysis (CDA) as its design of analysis. The CDA used in this research focuses on Van Dijk concept. The data collected was from the video of his speech entitled <em>Pandemi: Fakta dan Data, Bukan Kira-Kira</em> on Presiden Joko Widodo YouTube channel and then transcribed into texts. The results show that Jokowi’s speech about Covid-19 presents all elements of the discourse analysis concept proposed by Van Dijk including text structure, social cognitive, and social analysis. The speech focuses on the perspective of Jokowi about Covid-19. The strength, the power, and the purposes of Jokowi can be shown from the languages used. They can truly be felt, expressly seen, and well understood.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Hasnan Yasin Didin Nuruddin Hidayat Alek Alek Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 6 2 164 176 10.30957/ijoltl.v6i2.671 English as a Threat for Indigenous Languageamong Middle Low-Class Society in Java Rural Area: Evidence of Code-Mixing https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/672 <p>The occurrence of Javanese-Indonesian-English code-switching among people in cities is common since the cities are the melting pot of heterogeneous people from different linguistic backgrounds. However, it is alarming when code-switching is performed by middle-class society in rural areas in their daily communication. The fact indicates that rural dwellers are relatively homogenous communities. Given the aforementioned context related to code-switching, this study, therefore,&nbsp; aims to reveal its types,&nbsp; to seek its factors, and to get informants’ understanding of the English terms used.&nbsp; This study used a qualitative method by applying interviews and a simple test to get the data. The finding showed that there are three types of code-switching they are inter-sentential, intra-sentential, and extra-sentential but the intra-sentential one was mostly used by the villagers. Regarding to factors triggering the occurrences of code-switching, the rural dwellers reported that their action was influenced by the interluctor, topic, setting, and function when the conversation took place. Even though the villagers used some English terms in daily communication, they confessed that they are still lack of English understanding. The use of English terms was for a practical purpose as the terms were ready to use instead of looking for their Indonesian equivalent. In addition, the English expressions were easily understood by the involved parties in a communication. When this phenomenon goes on and on and is passed to successor generations, it is not impossible that the English language emerges to be the threat of ethnic language in the rural area.</p> Diyah Ayu Rohmani Slamet Setiawan Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 6 2 177 188 10.30957/ijoltl.v6i2.672 Incorporating English and Islamic Knowledge into Workbook Development for Primary School Students https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/673 <p>English teaching at primary school in Indonesia has experienced some changes in its curriculum, the K13 curriculum is the one that is implemented currently. However, there are some challenges that occur such as the time allocated for the English teaching until its textbook design. Henceforth, English teaching at primary school needs a new move. Another significant issue is related to the design of the curriculum that needs to be adjusted to each school context. In Islamic schools, English teaching finds its own issue, mainly on the cultural aspect—Western culture and ideology. Thus, this present research aims at developing an English workbook that is Muslim-friendly for their students. The method implemented in this study was Research &amp; Development (R&amp;D) with ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation) model. This research has resulted that there were 5 major topics related to Islamic content developed, such as believing in Allah and <em>Rasulullah</em>, salah, al-Qur’an, noble characters, and the Prophets. Further, this research has resulted from a concept of workbook design, comprising brainstorming, short text, and activities that divided into three categories: cognitive activities (matching and listing), kinesthetic activities (drawing, coloring, and tracing), and the last one is vocabulary-based activity (word search and puzzle). All chapters were designed by considering the implemented curriculum at school partners. The finding of this research has shed light that integrating English and Islamic content can be a way for Islamic schools in Indonesia to build Islamic value to their students as well as to find the school's own character.</p> Rafika Rabba Farah Alimin Adi Waloyo Puji Sumarsono Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 6 2 189 202 10.30957/ijoltl.v6i2.673 Improving English Speaking Skill of EFL Class Using Vide Blog of Social Media https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/674 <p>This research aims to investigate the improvement of English speaking skills in first-year students by using video blogs on social media. This research is conducted at Politeknik Negeri Tanah Laut from April to July 2020 located in the District of Pelaihari, Tanah Laut Regency, South Borneo. The object of this research is the first-year students in classes 1C and 1D of the Information Technology department. There are 65 students. The collection of the data based on the CAR methods are planning, action and observation, and reflection. While the technique of collecting the data is qualitative data with interview transcripts and class observation. The students were asked to make a video blog to investigate their capability in English speaking skills. Results show that cycle 1 &nbsp;found that the frequency level of proficiency criteria of the students are still in average level in vocabulary and pronunciation, and poor level in grammar, fluency, and content. In cycle 2, the frequency levels become better. All criteria are at a good level increase, stating video blog on social media improves the English speaking skill.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Yulima Melsipa Lingga Wan Yuliyanti Yuliana Ningsih Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-05-30 2021-05-30 6 2 203 217 10.30957/ijoltl.v6i2.674