IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl <table class="data" width="100%" bgcolor="faf2f2"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Journal title</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2502-8278#">IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics</a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Initials</td> <td width="70%">IJOTL-TL</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Frequency</td> <td width="70%"><a style="text-decoration: none;" href="https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/issue/archive">3 issues per year (January, May, and September)</a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">DOI</td> <td width="70%">prefix 10.30957</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Print ISSN</td> <td width="70%"><strong><a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1452481061" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2502-2326</a>&nbsp;</strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Online ISSN</td> <td width="70%"><strong><a href="https://issn.lipi.go.id/terbit/detail/1456223420" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2502-8278</a> </strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Editor-in-chief</td> <td width="70%">Prof. Dr. Teguh Budiharso, IAIN Surakarta, Indonesia l<strong><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&amp;user=Ckoz6QgAAAAJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a></strong> l&nbsp;<strong><a href="https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=57208167013" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Scopus</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%">Publisher &amp; Organizer</td> <td width="70%"><a style="text-decoration: none;" href="http://soloclcs.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Center of Language and Cultural Studies</a></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><strong>IJOTL-TL (Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics)</strong> &nbsp;published quarterly in <strong>January, May, and September. </strong>We invite original Research paper and Theoretical Review or Conceptual Review with a wide range of topics in the area of education and teaching in primary school, secondary school, and higher educations is covered, including but not limited to:</p> <ol> <li class="show">Language and linguistics</li> <li class="show">Language teaching</li> <li class="show">Language curriculum and pedagogy</li> <li class="show">Language assessment and evaluation</li> <li class="show">Language teaching methodology</li> <li class="show">Language teaching materials and development</li> <li class="show">Language instructional designs</li> <li class="show">Literature, culture, and translation studies</li> <li class="show">Linguistics studies</li> <li class="show">Studies in pragmatics, discourse analysis, psycholinguistics, and sociolinguistics</li> </ol> <p><em><strong>Although articles are written in English, the Journal welcomes studies dealing with the teaching of languages other than English as well. Research on the culture of various perspectives as well as linguistics is also welcome.</strong></em></p> <p>Papers submitted must be written in English in the length of <strong>4,000 to 8,000</strong> words including references for the original paper and between <strong>3,500 to 5,000</strong> words excluding references for the review paper as defined in the author’s guidelines.&nbsp; The paper must not have been published or being considered for publication elsewhere, except circulated as conference presentations, nor should they be submitted simultaneously to another journal. <strong>IJOTL-TL</strong> can exceptionally accept shorter or longer manuscripts, provided that the scientific content is of high value. Please ensure that your papers must be editable in the form of Microsoft word 2000/2003 (doc) or Microsoft word 2007/2010 (Docx) using Times New Roman in a 12 point font.&nbsp;</p> <p>Paper can be submitted through OJS on <a href="http://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener">https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org</a>; and email: <a href="mailto:cendekiaoslo@gmail.com">ijoltl@gmail.com</a>.&nbsp;</p> <p>Website: <a href="http://soloclcs.org/">soloclcs.org</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under &nbsp;a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> </ol> profteguhbudiharso@gmail.com (Prof. Dr. Teguh Budiharso) cipto@kuliahkomputer.com (Sucipto, M.Kom) Thu, 21 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Interpersonal Markers of Taylor Swift and Armaya Doremi in Their Graduation Speech https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/741 <p>Public speaking, including presenting a graduation speech, becomes unintentionally complex because it has standardization. Presenting outstanding speeches becomes a challenge for English Foreign Language (EFL) learners, who delegate themselves as public speakers. This research compares graduation speeches by Taylor Swift, a native speaker, and Armaya Doremi, an EFL student. It is to identify the intricate skills that should be mastered in public speaking, namely using discourse markers. The descriptive qualitative method was used to find interpersonal markers used by Taylor Swift and Armaya Doremi. The theory used to analyze the data was the interpersonal marker theory by Ädel (2010). The findings demonstrated that the interpersonal markers used in both graduation speeches were linguistic comments, discourse organization, speech act labels, and references to the audience. Taylor Swift, a native speaker, used all main categories of interpersonal markers and longer interpersonal markers than Armaya Doremi, as an EFL learner. Future researchers are suggested to dig deeper into the topic, particularly concerning interpersonal markers of spontaneous speech in various contexts.</p> Gaizka Naufal Winalda, Rohmani Nur Indah Copyright (c) 2023 IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/741 Thu, 21 Sep 2023 09:32:44 +0000 Applying Short Conversation to Develop Speaking Skill in Secondary School Context https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/753 <p>The objective of this research is to prove whether the implementation of Short conversation Technique can develop the students’ speaking skill or not. This research applied a quasi-experimental research design which involved experimental and control groups. The population of this research was the eighth-grade students of MTs Negeri 2 Palu. The sample was selected by using a purposive sampling technique. The sample of this research was the students of VIII G (experimental group) and VIII A (Control group). The technique of data collection was oral test (pre-test and post-test). The experimental group was treated by applying short conversation while the control group was taught using conventional method. The data were analyzed statistically and descriptively. The result of data analysis showed that there was a significant difference between pre-test and post-test of experimental group. It was proved by applying the testing hypothesis. The researcher found that the t-counted 4.6 was higher than the t-table 1.687. It means that the hypothesis was accepted. In conclusion, the applying of Short conversation can develop speaking skill of the eighth grade students at MTs&nbsp; Negeri 2 Palu.</p> Andi Anshar. A.Y, Sudarkam Mertosono, Abdul Kamaruddin, Aminah Suriaman Copyright (c) 2023 IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/753 Thu, 21 Sep 2023 09:37:32 +0000 Metaphor and Metonymy in Poems of Anne Sexton https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/755 <p>This research investigates the significance of metaphors and metonymies in shaping cognitive comprehension of abstract concepts by analysing Anne Sexton’s poem “45 Mercy Street”. The research method employed for this research is descriptive qualitative with Lakoff and Johnson’s (2003) conceptual metaphor framework to identify three types of conceptual metaphor and the metonymy concept structure. The data is taken from the collection of the poems within the third part entitled ‘The Divorce Paper’ consist of seventeen poems. The result of this study indicates that: (1) a total of twenty-four metaphorical expressions were detected, with varying distributions among the three types of conceptual metaphor, namely two of orientational metaphor, nine ontological metaphors, and thirteen structural metaphors. (2) seventeen metonymical expressions are found distributed in seven metonymy concept structure which are five ‘containers for content’, one ‘material for object’, one ‘controlled for the controller’, five ‘parts for whole’, two ‘places for events’, one ‘place for inhabitants’, and two ‘producers for product’</p> Diyah Feronika, Unpris Yastanti, Fitri Yeni Copyright (c) 2023 IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/755 Thu, 21 Sep 2023 09:41:03 +0000 LANGUAGE SHIFT IN KONJO COMMUNITY https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/737 <p>One local language that is the object of preservation is the Konjo language in Bulukumba Regency. The Konjo language is interesting to study further in maintaining language to determine whether the Konjo tribe in Bulukumba Regency still maintains the Konjo language in modern life. Regency still maintains the Konjo language in modern life. This research aims to focus on sociolinguistic studies to describe the state of using Konjo language and maintaining Konjo language in the everyday life of Konjo community. The quantitative descriptive method determines how high the level of maintenance of the language under study is. Meanwhile, a qualitative descriptive method is used to describe further how the language's maintenance rate is based on a review of the causal factors. From some findings, analysis results, interviews, and field observations, the Konjo language began to experience a language shift</p> Dwiani Septiana, Andi Indah Yulianti, Dharmawati Majid, Syamsul Rijal Copyright (c) 2023 IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/737 Thu, 21 Sep 2023 09:44:05 +0000 Strategies for English Directives Applied by Indonesian Students to Obtain Information from Chatbot https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/749 <p>Politeness in language can be seen from a socio-cultural and linguistic point of view. From the point of view of language, politeness can be seen from the linguistic structure and the meaning conveyed. Using polite language is not only between individuals who are part of society but it is also with chatbots, which is used to increase knowledge about politeness in language. This study examines politeness strategies used by students in delivering directives. ELIA (English Literature Information Assistant) is a chatbot created based on FAQs from students, and ELIA is used to provide information about lectures, final assignments, and other information related to study programs. The research method that was applied in this study is a qualitative descriptive method obtained from the ELIA admin and questionnaires. Data were collected after the ELIA is upgraded to be able to record the communication between students and ELIA. The data collected were in the form of textual communication records. The findings from the study indicate that the strategies applied by students to obtain information are directive strategies, namely direct strategies (40.2%), on-record indirect strategies (14.8%), off-record indirect requests (19%), and nonsentential strategies (26%). Based on the directive strategy used, direct and nonsentential strategies are strategies that do not show politeness. Strategies that show politeness are on-record indirect strategies and off-record indirect requests. In other words, the politeness strategy in directives applied by students is 33.8% of the total requests used.</p> I Gusti Ngurah Adi Rajistha, Dewa Ayu Kadek Claria Copyright (c) 2023 IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/749 Thu, 21 Sep 2023 09:47:56 +0000 DERIVATIONAL MORPHEMES IN A MOVIE SCRIPT OF THE AVENGERS WRITTEN BY JOSS WHEDON https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/727 <p>This research is aimed to give contribution about the process of word formation, especially derivational morphemes. Descriptive qualitative method is applied in this research by collecting data, then observing and analyzing it descriptively. The data are taken from a movie script entitled <em>The Avengers.</em>The results obtained 68 are found in the script, with detail findings are most derivational morphemes are formed by suffixes 41 data (60.3%), followed by prefix 22 data (32.4%), and infix 5 data (7.3%). The findings imply the process of word formation is by identifying the root and elaborating its formation whether prefix, suffix or infix, so one word can create new word and meaning</p> Baiatun Nisa, Lia Nurmalia, Firdha Rizka Amelia, Unpris Yastanti Copyright (c) 2023 IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/727 Thu, 21 Sep 2023 09:50:50 +0000 SEMIOTIC ANALYSIS FOUND ON JORDAN PEELE HORROR MOVIE POSTER "US" https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/740 <p><em>A movie poster conveys the main plot of the film, making it a popular medium for commercial advertising. In this way, movie studios might persuade more people to watch a certain film. As a result, the objective of this study is to use a semiotic method from Barthes to examine the message contained in the verbal and non-verbal parts of the Us movie poster. The data for this study were gathered using descriptive qualitative methods and a literature review. This study examines the verbal and non-verbal elements of a Us movie poster to show how they work together to convey meaning to the viewers and pique their attention. According to the study's findings, each symbol and sign (including verbal and nonverbal features) employed in the film effectively communicates its meaning by association. This study concludes that the signs and symbols utilized in the poster for the movie Us have a purpose and can effectively reflect, portray, and express that meaning.</em></p> Willem Novaldi Gabriel Dimara, Endar Rachmawaty Linuwih, Eka Fadilah Copyright (c) 2023 IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/740 Thu, 21 Sep 2023 09:54:02 +0000 The Implementation of Exposure, Generalization, Reinforcement, and Application (EGRA) Technique to Develop Writing Skill of The Eighth Grade Students of SMP Negeri Model Terpadu Madani https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/745 <p><img src="/public/site/images/syarqawy/Abstract.jpg"></p> Muh. Syarqawy Ladoma, Aminah Suriaman, Rofiqoh Copyright (c) 2023 IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/745 Thu, 21 Sep 2023 09:56:53 +0000 Volitive interjections in Langkat Malay https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/758 <p><em>This study describes the categorization of volitive interjections in Langkat Malay based on meaning and form. The purpose of this research is to describe or classify volitive interjections in Langkat Malay. The method used is qualitative. The source of the data came from written data in the form of writings in Langkat Malay contained in Langkat Malay books and oral data obtained from informants, namely Langkat Malay speakers. The data collection method used is the see method. The results of the study found 21 types of emotive interjections in Langkat Malay, namely moh,tuh, nah, mih, oi, woi, heei, o, cop, shhh, stt, heh, hus, hey, hai, wahai, duhai, ker.. ker, ri..ri, ck..ck, and hush..hush. In general, there are 5 types of semantic components that serve as a reference for classifying emotive interjections in Langkat Malay, namely I want someone to do something, I want someone to know something, I don't want someone to do something, I don't want someone to say something, I want this animal. do something.</em></p> Mifta Huljannah Maharani, Mulyadi, Mahriyuni Copyright (c) 2023 IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://ijotl-tl.soloclcs.org/index.php/ijoltl/article/view/758 Thu, 21 Sep 2023 10:00:19 +0000