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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in  Microsoft Word document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines


 Research Article

Original paper or research paper promoting results of research, or review paper as a result of a review of literature others’ researches or opinions have been published.

The general organization of the research paper is presented in IMRAD

  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion

Inclusion of specific review of theories in the Introduction section to present theoretical evidence as the basic theories or empirical evidence that review the previous studies is allowed.  At this stage, the basic organization of the research article would appear as:

 First section Title

  • Title
  • Author(s)
  • Abstract
  • Keywords

The body

  2. Research Questions

Closing section

  • APPENDICES (if any)

Review Article

A review article is an article produced from the results literature analysis. It is expected that all types of papers cite any relevant literature so this category should only be used if the main purpose of the paper is to annotate and/or critique the literature in a particular subject area. It may be a selective bibliography providing advice on information sources or it may be comprehensive in that the paper's aim is to cover the main contributors to the development of a topic and explore their different views.

The general organization of a review article will appear as ICRED.

  • Introduction
  • Claim
  • Reasons
  • Evidence
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion

Definitely, a review article will have its organization as follows:

Opening section

  • Title
  • Author(s)
  • Abstract
  • Ketywords

 The Body

  2. CLAIM


General guide to manuscript writing

  • Manuscripts should not be at least 3,500 words and not more than 6,000 words including references and appendix. Manuscripts that do not adhere to this rule will not be considered for review. Each manuscript must have an abstract between 100-150 words and 5 key words.
  • Authors are required to send manuscript in word.docx and PDF format.
  • To facilitate the blind review process, please ensure that the authors’ names do not appear anywhere in the manuscript or in the filename. Authors’ names, designations and institutional addresses should be in a separate file.
  • Authors are to check manuscripts for accuracy of language before submitting to the journal. The Editorial Board will not edit submitted manuscripts for style or language.
  • Papers submitted must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere, either in electronic or printed form. The corresponding author should declare this when submitting the paper to the Chief Editor.
  • Upon submission of a paper, the author/authors are to provide the editorial board with names of three reviewers from different institutions, complete with their addresses, designations and email addresses.
  • We do not encourage multiple submissions. An author must publish ONLY in alternate issues to other journals. The rule remains in case of co-authorship.
  • The Editorial Board reserves the right to make editorial changes to any manuscript accepted for publication to enhance clarity and style.
  • Manuscripts that do not adhere to any of the SUBMISSION GUIDELINES will not be considered for review.
  • An author whose paper is accepted for publication will pay an Article Processing Charge (APC) IDR 500.000 payable immediately after notification of acceptance has been received.

Technical guide to manuscript writing

  • Authors are to submit their paper electronically by using the online submission.
  • Authors are required to use the style template format accordingly before submission.
  • All manuscripts must be typed in Microsoft Word (.docx) and single-spaced. Margins are to be set at  (3 cm at all sides) and paper size at A4 (21 x 29.7cm).
  • References should be between 10-15% from journals. Authors must make sure that some of the references are current published within the last five years.
  • Authors are required to conform to the References Guidelines (APA style) as given if they want their manuscript to be considered for publication. 



Text: Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association. You are referred to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition, ISBN 978-1-4338-0561-5, copies of which may be ordered online or APA Order Dept., P.O.B. 2710, Hyattsville, MD 20784, USA or APA, 3 Henrietta Street, London, WC3E 8LU, UK.

 List: references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.

Citation of authors

If there are two authors, cited paper should be written in this way (Hartmann & James, 2001).

Cite papers with one author and two authors in this manner (Atkins, 1996; Leech & Nesi, 1999).

Follow this format if you cite a secondary source (Lemmens & Wekker, 1990 as cited in de Schryver, 2003).

Journal Publication

Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J., & Lupton, R. A. (2010). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163, 51–59.

Reference to a journal publication with a DOI

Caifen Chen. (2017).  A case study on the relationship between individual differences and English pragmatic competence of non-Englishg major Chinese postgraduate.  Enghlish Linguistics Research. Vol. 6 No. 1, pp. 58-73. DOI: 10.5430/elr.v6n1p56.

Reference to a book:

Ellis, R. (2003). Task-based Language Learning and Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Chapter 4).

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Kachru, B.B. (2006).  World Enghlishes and culture war. In B.B. Kachru, Y. Kachru & C. L. Nelson (Eds.). The handbook of world Englishes (pp. 446-472).  Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Reference to a website:

Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. (2003).  aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/ Accessed 13 March 2003.

For newspaper articles (non-authored)

Newspaper (year), "Article title", date, pages.  e.g. The Jakarta Post. (2018), "Politics and Democracy", 2 February, p. 7.

For encyclopedia entries (with no author or editor)

Title of Encyclopedia (year) "Title of entry", volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926) "Psychology of culture contact", Vol. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, pp. 765-71.

Internet Source

Faizah Abdul Majid, Zalizan Jelas & Norzaini Azman. (2002). Selected Malaysian Adult learners’ academic reading strategies: A Case Study. Retrieved August 16, 2005 from


Wang, Y. & Le, T. (2011). Teaching, learning and management: A case study of intercultural communication and education. AARE 2006 Conference Proceedings, 27-30 November, Adelaide EJ ISSN 1324-9339 (2007).

 Reference to a conference paper

Engle, E.K., Cash, T.F., & Jarry, J.L. (2009, November). The Body Image Behaviours Inventory-3: Development and validation of the Body Image Compulsive Actions and Body Image Avoidance Scales. Poster session presentation at the meeting of the Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies, New York, NY.

Thesis or Dissertation

 Ngoc Minh Vu. (2017).  Teaching pragmatic in English as a Foreign Language at a Vietnamess university: Teachers’ perceptions, curricular content, and classroom practices.  Unpublished Ph.D’ Dissertation. Sydney: Faculty of Educational and Social Work, University of Sydney.



Title of Paper

(Times new roman, font size 13, not more than 10 words)


First author’s name

Institution or University


Current e-mail address

Times New Roman font 12


Second author’s name

Institution or University

Current e-mail address

Times New Roman font 12



Insert your abstract here following this structure: Introduction, Methods, Results and Implication. Use Times New Roman font size 12. Abstract should be 150-200 words and in one paragraph only.  An abstract must be fully self-contained, capsule description of the paper, and meet the word count limitation.

Keywords: 5 keywords separated by a comma {,}


1.  INTRODUCTION (12 font)

Use Times New Roman font 12 and single spacing for texts in a paragraph. Paragraphs are justified.  It introduces the research background, issues and logics why this study was undertaken, and defines what was the research questions, the hypothesis to be tested or the purposes of the research. The introduction requires a short review of the literature pertaining to the research topic, starting with broad topics and slowly focusing at the work at hand described at around four paragraphs. One to two paragraphs introduce the reader to the general field of the study. The subsequent paragraphs describe how an aspect of this field could be improved. The final paragraph is critical, it clearly states in the first sentence of the paragraph the research questions that the research will answer. The entire introduction should logically end at the research questions and thesis statements or hypothesis.  A summary sentence may be added stating how the answer of your question will contribute to the overall of the study.

1.1. Research Questions


Literature review is a critical summary, classification, and evaluation of existing theory and research on your topics.  It addresses a specific and well-defined questions or set of questions, that outlines the background and history of your research problems, identifies possible methods for your study, assess the strengths and weaknesses of previous studies, provide a conceptual framework and rationale of your study.  Literature review is not a laundry of list of studies.  You should primarily draw evidence from peer-review journals as the primary sources and books as the secondary sources.  It is not the place to express your opinion or point of view, so all statements should be drawn from cited work.  Literature review might be integrated in the introduction section before research questions are defined, or it is presented in a separate Literature Review section.         


3.1. Research Design

3.2. Participants/Sample

3.3. Data and Sources of Data

3.4. Research Instrument

3.5. Data Collection Techniques

3.6. Data Analysis Techniques

No spacing between paragraphs. Next paragraphs indent (No spacing). Method section describes: when, where and how was the study done. What materials were used or who was included in the study.  The description includes: approach/context of the study, participants, instrument, procedures, data analysis techniques.  Method section should be straightforward description of the methods used in your study.  Each method should be described in a separate section.  Begin in a single section with a statement of the materials used in this study so that readers have the capability to repeat the work in their own intention. Next, describe in separate sections each key procedure and technique used in the study.  Keep the explanation brief and concise. Write the method section in the past form.  Passive voices are probably most appropriate.   


      Result section is presented in adherence to the research questions.  It presents the main data and the results of data analysis. An interpretation and discussion should not be inserted in the result section. You should provide an overview of primary results at the first section, and flow the results in a step-by-step fashion. This overview should follow directly the data analysis plan stated in the method. It requires you fully describe the results of data analysis so that readers can gauge how the findings of your study answer the research questions.  Then, present primarily findings followed by any secondary and subgroup findings. Use table, figures or excerpts, such as citation or quotation from interview data, to demonstrate the characteristics of major findings.  Avoid redundancy between text, tables, figures, or excerpts.  


5.  DISCUSSION (or Results and Discussion)

      Discussion section might be called as Discussion or Summary of Findings. Discussion section consists of three parts: addressing the hypothesis, problems and limitations, and closing the closing. The purpose is to highlight the major findings from the results section and interpret them. Restate the overall purposes of the study in this section.  Then, explain the main findings from the results section.  Explain how the findings relate to the purpose of the study, taking into account each research question.  Also describe how the results are related to education in general.  Discussion section does not need to include any raw data, and statistics.  Simply explain the results in language that is easy for a non-researcher to understand.  Also try to integrate the findings into the results of other studies you have cited in the literature review. 


      In conclusion section, briefly summarize the overall conclusion of the data analysis based on the purposes of the study.  Explain the important of the major findings to educational practice.  Typically, in conclusion section the author should:  summarize and conclude the results of analysis by restating the main argument, and presenting key conclusions and recommendation; state how the finding applies to the world of practice; state what are the implication for further research; say to what extend your original questions have been answered; and state the limitations of your research. 


      If you received any significant helps in thinking up, designing or carrying out the work, or received materials of funding from someone who did you a favor by supplying them, you must acknowledge their assistance and the services or materials provided.  Place any acknowledgement here. We would like to thank xxxxxxx.


REFERENCE (Examples)

[10-15% of references are journal articles]

Primary sources cited from journals must take place 10-15% of overall references in your journal.  Proceeding articles, seminar papers, and book references follow.  Use APA style for the citation format.

 Sections and sub-sections are presented in adherence to the following categories:

1. FIRST LEVEL SUB-HEADING (All Capital Letter, Font 12)

      No spacing between paragraphs. Next paragraphs indent. Use numbers in headings and sub-headings. 


1.1. Second Level Subheading (First word capitalized, Font 12)

No spacing between paragraphs. Next paragraphs indent (No spacing).


1.1.1. Third Level Subheading (First word capitalized, Italic, Font 12)

No spacing between paragraphs. Next paragraphs indent (No spacing).



You can refer to tables in this way: Table 1, 2, 3, 4 and so on.

Refer to Table 1 first, then only insert Table 1 below the text or paragraph (as shown).


Table 1. Insert title of Table 1 (Font 11)

Heading (Font size = 10)

Heading (Font size = 10)

Heading (Font size = 10)

Content(Font size = 10)

Content (Font size = 10)

Content (Font size = 10)

Content (Font size = 10)

Content (Font size = 10)

Content (Font size = 10)

Content(Font size = 10)

Content (Font size = 10)

Content (Font size = 10)

Content (Font size = 10)

Content (Font size = 10)

Content (Font size = 10)




For Figure: Figure 1, 2, 3, 4 and so on.

Refer to Figure 1 first, and then only insert Figure 1 below the text or paragraph.






Figure 1. Insert title of Figure 1. The title of Figure 1 must be below the figure (Font 10)

























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