Generative Phonology Process of Suffix -/əm/ in Kudus Javanese Dialect
This article aims to investigate the phonological process of suffix -/əm/ existed in Kudus Javanese dialect that can be explained by Transformational Generative Theory with a distinctive feature analysis system to explain in detail the rules of the phonological process that occurs with the features involved in it. Optimality was used to determine the phonetic form (output) of a series of candidates and the obstacles that occurred in the process and supported by a voice analyzer (Speech Analyzer) as authentic evidence that visually described the voice form of the native speakers. The data were obtained from native speakers of Kudus Javanese dialect located in Burikan, Kudus, Central Java with observation, interview, and documentary techniques. This study also used intuitive data from the author as a native speaker of the Javanese dialect of Kudus. The results show that the phonological process that occurs in the Kudus Javanese dialect is the affixation with the suffix -/əm/ to reflect the second person's ownership marker with a base word of a consonant ending, while to express the possession of a second person with a vowel ending, sound /n/ is added in front of the suffix /-əm/. This research contributes to understanding the phonological process in a local language, especially toward a particular dialect. The implications of this research can be a reference in conducting further research on affixation or other phonological processes in different local languages to maintain the sustainability of local languages as one of the Indonesian people’s identities.
Bell, A. (2013). The guidebook to sociolinguistics. John Wiley & Sons.
Douda, A.-I. A. (2005). The impact of transformational grammar (TG) on foreign language teaching. Southern Connecticut State University.
Fairclough, N. (1989). Social Semiotics.
Griffiths, J. M. (2019). On the rapid expansion of optimality theory at the end of the twentieth century. Historiographia Linguistica, 46(1–2), 133–162.
Herlinda. (2022). The Use of Malay Language in Pekanbaru: An Ethnographic Research. IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics, 7(3), Article 3. https://doi.org/10.30957/ijoltl.v7i3.701
Hermawan, D., & Haryanto, H. (2022). THE ANALYSIS OF VLOGGING-PRONUNCIATION ERROR BY THE STUDENTS OF TEGAL POLTEKKES KEMENKES NURSING PROGRAM. IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics, 7(3), 243–255.
Jones, D. (1966). The pronunciation of English (Vol. 369). Cambridge University Press.
Leminen, A., Smolka, E., Duñabeitia, J. A., & Pliatsikas, C. (2019). Morphological processing in the brain: The good (inflection), the bad (derivation) and the ugly (compounding). Cortex, 116, 4–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.08.016
Li, H., Baryadi, I. P., & Wijana, I. D. P. (2019). Sound Pattern of Indonesian Plosives. Linguistik Indonesia, 37(1), 1–12.
Matthews, R. S. (1996). Collaborative learning: Creating knowledge with students. Teaching on Solid Ground: Using Scholarship to Improve Practice, 1996, 101–124.
Pacton, S., & Peereman, R. (2023). Morphology as an aid in orthographic learning of new words: The influence of inflected and derived forms in spelling acquisition. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 232, 105675. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2023.105675
Pastika, I. W. (2005). Fonologi bahasa Bali: Sebuah pendekatan generatif transformasi. Pustaka Larasan.
Saddhono, K., & Hartanto, W. (2021). A dialect geography in Yogyakarta-Surakarta isolect in Wedi District: An examination of permutation and phonological dialectometry as an endeavor to preserve Javanese language in Indonesia. Heliyon, 7(7), e07660. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07660
Smith, R., & Rathcke, T. (2020). Dialectal phonology constrains the phonetics of prominence. Journal of Phonetics, 78, 100934. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2019.100934
Suarjaya, A. A. G., Warmadewi, A. A. I. W., Susanthi, I. G. A. A. D., & Putra, I. M. A. A. (2022). LINGUAL FORM OF CONVERSATION IMPLICATURE ON ENDORSEMENT CONTENTS BY BALINESE CELEBGRAM. IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics, 7(3), 312–321.
Uhlenbeck, E. M. (1963). Beginning Javanese: Elinor C. Horne, Yale Linguistic series 3 (1961) XXXIII+ 560 pp. Lingua, 12(1), 69–86.
Widdowson, H. G. (1996). Linguistics. Oxford University Press.
Copyright (c) 2023 IJOTL-TL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).